Materials: Data


Click on the data that you need from the list below:

Tensile strength of various materials at 20C
Tensile modulus of various materials at 20C 
Melting temperature of some common materials
Thermal properties of some common metals
Comparison of common thermoplastic materials with zinc alloy
Properties of die casting alloys at 20C

Tensile strength of various materials at 20C

Material

Tensile strength
MPa

Aluminium alloys

100 to 600

Carbon and low alloy steels

250 to 1300

Ceramics

1000 to 10000

Composites (e.g. GRP)

100 to 1800

Concrete

20 to 60

Copper alloys

100 to 600

Elastomers

2 to 12

Magnesium alloys

80 to 300

Nickel alloys

250 to 1500

Steel

500 to 1800

Wood

2 to 100

Zinc alloys

160 to 400

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Tensile modulus of various materials at 20C

Material

Tensile strength
GPa

Aluminium alloys

70 to 80

Elastomers

less than 0.2

Glass

50 to 80

Polymers

0.2 to 10

Concrete

20 to 50

Copper alloys

100 to 160

Magnesium alloys

40 to 45

Titanium alloys

110 to 125

Steel

200 to 210

Wood

0.2 to 20

Zinc alloys

43 to 96

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Melting temperature of some common materials

Material

Melting temperature
K

Aluminium (pure)

933

Aluminium alloy (duralumin)

800

Brass (70% Cu, 30% Zn)

1227

Copper (pure)

1356

Gold

1336

Iron (pure)

1810

Lead (pure)

600

Magnesium

923

Nickel

1726

Silver

1234

Stainless Steel

1800

Mild Steel

1700

Tin

505

Titanium

1943

Zinc

693

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Thermal properties of some common metals

Material

Specific heat capacity at 0C
J/kgK

Coefficient of linear expansion
/K

Thermal conductivity at 0C
W/mK

Aluminium

880

0.000023

235

Brass (65% Cu, 35% Zn)

370

0.0000185

120

Copper

390

0.0000167

283

Iron

437

0.000012

76

Lead

126

0.000029

35

Mild steel

450

0.000011

55

Silver

232

0.000019

418

Tin

140

0.000006

60

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Comparison of common thermoplastic materials with zinc alloy

Material

Density
Mg/m

Strength
MPa

Modulus
GPa

Impact strength
kg/m 

ABS

1.02-1.07

50

2.3

7

Nylon

1.13-1.14

60

3.2

3

Polycarbonate

1.2

65

2.3

30

Zinc alloy

6.7

280

100

55

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Properties of die casting alloys at 20

Material

Density
Mg/m

Melting point
C

Strength
MPa

Aluminium

2.7

600

150

Lead

11.3

320

20

Magnesium

1.8

520

150

Tin

7.3

230

12

Zinc

6.7

380

280

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  Copyright 2002 Mike Tooley - All rights reserved.